A border poll is the end of a referendum on the reunification of Ireland. The first border poll was conducted in Northern Ireland in 1973, when voters were asked whether they wanted Northern Ireland to remain a member of the United Kingdom or to belong to the Republic of Ireland. 99% voted to stay in the UK. However, the survey was boycotted by most nationalist communities; The turnout was only 59%. (ii) recognize that it is up to the inhabitants of the island of Ireland alone to exercise, by mutual agreement between the two parties and without external hindrance, their right to self-determination on the basis of free and concomitant consent, north and south, if it is their wish to accept that this right must be obtained and exercised with the agreement and approval of a majority of the people of Northern Ireland; McCartney rejected the agreement and called it “an attempt to buy the IRA, not to bring peace.” Jim Molyneaux, former head of the UUP, also opposed the peace agreement. The agreement was reached between the British and Irish governments as well as eight northern Ireland political parties or groups. Three were representative of unionism: the Ulster Unionist Party, which had led unionism in Ulster since the early 20th century, and two small parties linked to loyalist paramilitaries, the Progressive Unionist Party (linked to the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) and the Ulster Democratic Party (the political wing of the Ulster Defence Association (UDA). Two of them have been widely described as nationalists: the Social Democratic and Labour Party and Sinn Féin, the Republican party affiliated with the Provisional Republican Army.   Apart from these rival traditions, there were two other assemblies, the Inter-Community Alliance Party and the Northern Ireland Women`s Coalition. There was also the Labour coalition. U.S.
Senator George J. Mitchell was sent by U.S. President Bill Clinton to chair the talks between parties and groups.  While the provision of the referendum and the provision on constitutional amendments met the original timetable for implementation, the dismantling of non-paramilitary combatants took place over a two-year period. In the Republic, voters voted on the nineteenth amendment to the Irish Constitution. This amendment allowed the State to comply with the Belfast Agreement and provided for the removal of the “territorial claim” contained in Articles 2 and 3. On the same day, a referendum was held on the Treaty of Amsterdam (the eighteenth Amendment of the Irish Constitution).