In June 2018, Bru`s heads of state and government signed an agreement in Delhi with the Centre and the two state governments, providing for repatriation to Mizoram. However, most camp residents rejected the “inadequate” conditions of the agreement. Only 328 families returned to Mizoram, making the trial redundant. The camp residents said the package did not guarantee their safety in Mizoram and they feared a repeat of the violence that had forced them to flee. Interior Minister Shah, who presided over the signing of the agreement, welcomed the “historic” solution to Bru`s question. He thanked the chief ministers of Tripura and Mizoram, Pradyot Kishore Debbarma, and some social organizations for setting the terms of the agreement. In what is known as a milestone, a quadrennial agreement was signed on Thursday between the Centre, the governments of Mizoram and Tripura and various Bru federations. The Central Young Mizoram Association (CYMA), Mizoram`s largest civil organization, welcomed in a statement the signing of the agreement, according to which more than 30,000 brus who fled Mizoram in 1997 will settle permanently in Tripura. Political parties and NGOs also hailed the agreement as a “milestone” in the political history of the state. Msha also said that displaced tribes are ready to return to their villages of Mizoram, but the Mizoram government is too tenacious to sustainably solve its fundamental problems, which has led to the failure of previous return processes.
The MBDPF wants the Dampa Tiger Reserve Sanctuary to be retained in Mizoram so that tribal refugees can be rehabilitated. Other demands include a development package from the Union for the Development of the Eastern Region (DoNER) and tribal ministries for the long-term and general development of the backward tribes of Reang and to ensure the security of the tribes by a central paramilitary force. Union Interior Minister Amit Shah with Tripura`s Chief Minister Biplab Kumar Deb (right) and Mizoram CM Zoramthanga (left) at the signing of an agreement on the permanent installation of 40,000 displaced burning tribes in Tripura, New Delhi, on January 16, 2020. | Proof of the photo: Mizo Zirlai Pawl (MZP), PTI State`s high-level team, Mizo Zirlai Pawl (MZP), thanked the Centre, the governments of Mizoram and Tripura, as well as various NGOs for their efforts to sign the Brussels agreement. While expressing its joy at the agreement, the State Congress said it had constantly sought to recapture the displaced heather of Tripura under his rule. Prime Minister Biplab Kumar Deb also reacted to the four-year agreement signed in New Delhi on Thursday. On Twitter, he said: “.@mygovindia also said Rs.600 crore package for the settlement of displaced #BRU tribes in our state. Govt will also provide Rs 1.5 lakh housing assistance for BRU refugees, Rs 4 lakh FD for each family, Rs 5,000 monthly financial assistance and free ration for the next two years.
“There were many families in Bengal who were also affected by the expulsion of the Brus. As the Brus arrived and settled in Tripura, the Bengalis had to evacuate the territories. The agreement will also help them,” Sarma said. The agreement signed on 16 January in New Delhi between the leaders of the Bru and the governments of India, Tripura and Mizoram, gives Bru the choice to live in both states. In several respects, the agreement has redefined the way internal evictions are handled in India. The four-year agreement signed by the Centre, the governments of Tripura and Mizoram and various Bru refugee associations include residential land in Tripura for each displaced family in addition to 4 lakhs on fixed bail, $5,000 per month for two years, free rations for two years and $1.5,000,000 for house building.